Spanish-American War


  • January 25 - USS Maine is sent to Havana, Cuba.
  • February 8 - Letter written by Senor Dupuy de Lome, Spanish Minister to the United States, is published.  Derogatory of President McKinley, the letter leads to his resignation.  Senor Luis Polo y Bernabe is named the new Minister.
  • February 15 - USS Maine is destroyed by an explosion in Havana's harbor. Two hundred sixy-six killed.
  • February 17 - Court of inquiry into the loss of the USS Maine is ordered by the Commander of the North Atlantic Squadron, Rear Admiral Sicard.
  • February 19 - United States declines a Spanish request for a joint investigation into the destruction of the Maine.
  • February 21 - The U.S. Senate orders an investigation into the loss of the Maine.
  • March 8-9 - A $50 million emergency fund at President McKinley's disposal is passed by Congress.
  • March 16 - Spain objects to the U.S. fleet's presence at Key West and other heightened defense activities.
  • March 19 - Senator Proctor of Vermont gives his personal observations on Cuba to the Senate.
  • March 28 - Congress receives the report on the Maine from the Court of Inquiry.
  • April 5 - Consul General Lee recalled from Cuba.
  • April 10 - Consul General Lee departs Cuba.
  • April 11 - President McKinley recommends armed intervention in Cuba in a message to Congress.
  • April 15 - U.S. Army mobilized.
  • April 16 - Senate passes Belligerency Resolutions.
  • April 19 - Resolutions demanding Spanish withdrawal from Cuba passed by Congress.
  • April 20 - Queen opens Cortes with war speech. Government announces its opposition to privateering. President McKinley signs notification to the nations of intent to blockade.
  • April 21 - Spain severs diplomatic relations with the United States. President McKinley cables U.S. ultimatum to Spain, demanding a reply by April 23. Spanish Minister leaves Washington.
  • April 22 - American squadron blockades Cuban ports.
  • April 23 - Proclamation calling for 125,000 volunteers is issued by President McKinley.
  • April 24 - Spain declares war on United States.
  • April 25 - Resolution declaring a state of war has existed since April 21 is passed by Congress.
  • April 26 - Volunteer recruitment began in New York City.
  • April 27 - Seventh Regiment from New York declines to enlist.
  • April 28 - Commodore Dewey's fleet sails for Manila from Hong Kong.
  • April 29 - Spanish squadron sails for the West Indies from Cape Verde.
  • April 30 - Commodore Dewey's fleet arrives at Manila.
  • May 1 - Spanish fleet at Manila destroyed by Dewey's fleet. USS Topeka (a cruiser) arrives in New York from Falmouth.
  • May 2 - Dewey cuts Manila-Hong Kong cable.
  • May 4 - USS Oregon (battleship) and USS Marietta (gunboat) sail for Rio de Janeiro.
  • May 7 - State Department informed of seizure of Cavite by Commodore Dewey.
  • May 9 - Congress thanks Dewey. New York Governor disbands Thirteenth Regiment.
  • May 11 - USS Winslow (torpedo boat) shelled by Spanish forts at Cardenas. Five killed.
  • May 12 - Spanish forts at San Juan, Puerto Rico bombarded by U.S. squadron under Admiral Sampson. Spanish fleet arrives at Fort de France, Martinique from Cape Verde.
  • May 13 - Commodore Schley's fleet sails south to meet the Spanish fleet.
  • May 14 - Spanish fleet spotted off Curacao.
  • May 15 - Sagasta's Cabinet resigns. Spanish torpedo-boat destroyer Terror disabled at Fort de France, Martinique. Spainish fleet leaves Curacao. Reorganization of Thirteenth Regiment Authorized by Governor Black.
  • May 18 - Ninety thousand troops order to mobilize at Chickamauga.
  • May 20 - Spanish fleet arrives at Santiago, Cuba.
  • May 24 Spanish fleet bottled up at Santiago de Cuba.
  • May 25 Three troop transports depart for Manila. Seventy-five thousand more volunteers called for by President McKinley.
  • May 26 USS Oregon arrives at Key West. Insurgent leaders contacted by Commodore Schley. New York Ninth and Sixy-ninth Regiments arrive at Chattanooga. No opposition to Florida expedition landing near Guantanamo, Cuba.
  • May 29 - Trapping of Cervera in Santiago harbor reported by Commodore Schley. USS Columbia (cruiser) after colliding with the British steamer Foscolia, which sank.
  • May 30 - Troops at Tampa embark for Havana.
  • May 31 - Spanish fort at Santiago bombarded by Rear Admiral Sampson's fleet.
  • June 1 - Transports bound for Manila arrive in Honolulu. USS Monadnock (monitor) ordered to Manila from San Fransisco.
  • June 3 - Santiago bombarded by U.S. fleet.
  • June 4 - USS Merrimac (cruiser) sunk in mouth of Santiago harbor.
  • June 7 - Batteries at Santiago bombarded and silenced by U.S. squadron.
  • June 8 - Fortifications at Guantanamo Bay assaulted.
  • June 9 - War revenue conference report agreed on by House.
  • June 10 - Guantanamo Bay reported held since June 7 by Admiral Sampson. War revenue conference report agreed on by Senate. Marines land at Caimanera.
  • June 11 - Spaniards kill four Americans at Caimanera.
  • June 13 - Shafter's troops sail for Santiago.
  • June 14 - Two Americans and several hundred Spaniards killed at Caimanera.
  • June 15 - Second expedition sails for Manila from San Fransisco. Use of dynamite guns on USS Vesuvius results in great destruction to Santiago forts.
  • June 17 - Spanish squadron passed Gibraltar after sailing from Cadiz.
  • June 19 - General Shafter reports that he can take Santiago in 48 hours.
  • June 20 - Shafter's troops arrive off Santiago de Cuba.
  • June 22 - Shafter lands portion of his troops.
  • June 23 - Admiral Camara's fleet arrive at Island of Pantellaria.
  • June 28 - Blockade of souther Cuba (Cape Franc to Cape Cruz) proclaimed by President McKinley.
  • July 1 - Santiago assaulted by American forces, outer works captured.
  • July 2 - American attack on Santiago renewed. Americans lose 1000 killed and wounded and take 2000 Spanish prisoners.
  • July 3 - Spanish fleet at Santiago destroyed.
  • July 6 - American gunboats blow up Alfonso XII (transport) off of Mariel. Prisoner exchange takes place outside Santiago.
  • July 7 - President McKinley signs Hawaiian Annexation Resolution. Subig captured by Admiral Dewey with 1300 prisoners.
  • July 11 - Admiral Cervera and 746 prisoners transported to Portsmouth, New Hampshire by USS St. Louis (cruiser). Santiago bombarded by American fleet.
  • July 13 - Yellow fever outbreak in Shafter's army announced.
  • July 14 - Santiago surrenders.
  • July 18 - Presidential proclamation provides for government of Santiago. Manzanillo bombarded by American ships; seven Spanish vessels destroyed.
  • July 21 - General Miles' army at Puerto Rico. American gunboats capture Nipe and sink Jorge Juan (cruiser).
  • July 25 - U.S. troops land at Guanica, Puerto Rico which surrenders after being fired upon by USS Gloucester.
  • July 26 - Spanish government, through France, asks U.S. for terms for peace.
  • July 28 - Ponce, Puerto Rico surrenders and welcomes U.S. troops.
  • July 30 - President McKinley provides terms for peace to Spanish through France.
  • July 31 - U.S. troops encounter Spanish troops at Malate, Philippines.
  • August 9 - Spain accepts McKinley's terms for peace.
  • August 10 - U.S. forces capture Mayaguez, Puerto Rico.
  • August 12 - War ends, blockades of Cuba, Puerto Rico and Manila lifted.

Revolutionary War

War of 1812

Mexican War

Civil War

Spanish/American War

World War I

World War II


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